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Depleting groundwater leaves residents without potable water

Joep from Nextblue
Joep from Nextblue
Good to see you.
This week, we’ll talk about water scarcity in Bangladesh. We have a Q&A and a story by Anika Tamanna, who is a radio presenter in Bangladesh. Enjoy reading!
Bangladesh
When speaking about the devastating impacts of climate change, Bangladesh is a common example. Characterised by its coastal deltas, Bangladesh faces some of the worst impacts of rising sea levels, with the country recently experiencing the most devastating floods in decades.
But what is lesser known is that Bangladesh is one of the most resilient countries in the face of climate change. It has an effective cyclone early warning system and local communities show have learned to manage their crops and their water through indigenous and creative methods.
However, Bangladesh must work to feed its increasing population as agricultural land diminishes and people are displaced by climate change, leading to livelihood losses.
How do local people deal with these challenges? And what can we learn from them?
In recent years, we have visited some communities in different regions across the country to better understand their needs and discover what solutions they would like to see.
One specific region I would like to highlight here is Barind in the northwest of Bangladesh. It’s also the home to Anika Tamanna lives, our guest for this week.
Once famous for food production, Barind is experiencing first-hand the impact of the climate emergency. Across the region, rising temperatures, record low levels of rainfall and drought are depriving people of drinking and agricultural water.
Irrigation water is extracted for Boro paddy, a highly water-intensive crop. In summer, when drinking water is not available in most tube wells, the problem is most severe. Sometimes people have to run from village to village in search of drinking water.
Most of the Barind region is irrigated with ground water. The water that is being used is not being replenished. This implies, that during the dry season, tube wells are depleted, leaving communities without safe water.
With rain and surface water in short supply, farmers are turning to groundwater for their crops, undermining environmental efforts to reduce its usage.
According to some farmers, drawing water from underground for irrigation should be stopped immediately. Other possible solutions include switching from Boro rice to less water intensive crops. They also suggest building water reservoirs and making ponds and deeper creeks to conserve rainwater. Harvesting rainwater from the roofs of houses is another solution.
The average rainfall in Bangladesh is 2,200 millimeters per year, but the average rainfall in Barind is around about half of the average. Due to the lack of water, many farmers are turning crop lands into fish farming ponds and even brickfields.
The people of the Barind region are struggling with the water crisis, but they are finding ways to meet the challenges. However, more effective steps are needed to resolve it, according to Anika Tamanna.
“In this country, under law, everyone has the right to water,” she says. “Therefore, it is the duty of the government to provide safe water for all. When water runs out, tube wells need to be installed quickly. For safe drinking water. Water supply sources need to be made healthier. So that every man, woman, and child has access to the safe water that is fundamental to life.”
Bangladesh is the face of a climate crisis, but it’s giving it a fight. The future is uncertain, but the community bonding in this country is more than elsewhere, as people share their knowledge and experiences, moving ahead together, with resilience and hope. 
Anika Tamanna
Anika Tamanna
Let’s talk about water
Each newsletter, a storyteller will join us to talk about water. 
This week we introduce you to Anika Tamanna. Anika lives in Rajshahi along the Padma river in Bangladesh. She is a radio presenter on Radio Padma 99.2 FM, the first community radio station of this riverine country. 
What’s the first book you remember reading and loving?
Himu. It’s actually a character who first appeared in the novel titled ‘Mayurakkhi’, published in 1990. Himu is an independent young man in Dhaka whose life has inspired many of our talented youths. 
What makes living along the Padma river unique?
Our home is in Rajshahi, which is a city on the banks of the Padma. I go often to visit the river to feel the cool air of the river. You’ll find great spots for picnics with unique views on the river. The bed of the Padma is wide, and the river is split up into several channels flowing between constantly shifting sand banks and islands. During the rains the current is very strong and even steamers may find difficulty in making headway against it.
What’s the most insightful thing you’ve read about water this month?
You may have heard about the terrible floods in Sylhet. I watched television and saw waterlogged people wailing and running in search of shelter. Children and the elderly were most at risk. I’ve also read the article “Don’t blame just climate change” by Rafiqul Montu about the reasons behind these devastating floods. It’s complicated, as experts tell that not only climate change, but also man-made changes, such as wetlands destruction, are enabling current floods. 
Story of the Week
Depleting groundwater leaves residents without potable water
Tweet of the Week
💧🕊️ Joep Janssen
‘Every year it gets worse’: on the frontline of the #climatecrisis in Bangladesh 🌏

Inspiring young volunteers @JebaHumayara, @NazmusNahid1, @ashiqur_shakib, @SohanBMYP, @SiyamAfzal_YN, @shahinclimate, and many others.

#ClimateAction #YouthForClimate
https://t.co/ePub3YtlG7
Wrap up
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See you next time,
Joep
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Joep from Nextblue
Joep from Nextblue @nextbluestories

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