Eastern Africa is facing the very real prospect of drought not seen in the last 40 years. It is predicted that that the rains will fail for a fourth consecutive season, placing Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia into a prolonged spell of drought. Africa is one of the most vulnerable continents, when it comes to climate change and climate variability. More specifically, the upper Nile Basin of western Ethiopia, South Sudan and Uganda is at high risk of agricultural disruption due to climate extremes.
Ethiopia has endured 10 major droughts for the last four decades since 1980 and the average annual temperature has been increasing by 0.37c/decade, with the majority of warming occurring during the second half of the 1990s.
In this week’s newsletter, we share insights from Dagim Terefe who travelled along the Blue Nile to find out how local communities could adapt to the challenging circumstances.
Along with extracting groundwater and expansion of rainwater storage, irrigated winter farming could offer climate resilience to farmers.